2009 International Koshiki Tournament
 

Relevant Japanese Terms in Karate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pronunciation

All vowels are short and pronounced as follows:

  • "a" as in "father"

  • "i" as in "teen" except shorter

  • "u" as in "boot" except shorter

  • "e" as in "bet"

  • "o" as in "boat" except shorter and without the off-glide

 Longer vowel sounds are the same sounds as above, but given more time.

  • "aa," a longer "a"

  • "ii," a longer "i"

  • "uu," a longer "u"

  • "ei," a longer "e"

  • "oh," a longer "o"

Except for the above, if you see two or more vowels in a row, they are each pronounced clearly without

becoming a single diphthong. An apostrophe is used where a glottal stop occurs (like between the "n"

and the second "a" when pronouncing "an apple").


Consonants always take their "hard" sounds. So "gi" is pronounced with a hard "g" (i.e., not "ji"). "Ch" is

always as in "cheese."

 

The hyphens don't mean anything but serve to distinguish separate syllables when it might be ambiguous,

or to separate a word into two semantic parts. There shouldn't be a pause for hyphens.

 

Parentheses are used whenever a word might be omitted by some people, or if the translation could

mean more than one thing. For example, "nukite," literally only means "spear hand," which is just the

name of the "weapon" you form with your hand, but it is also often used to mean the attack,

"spear-hand thrust." So "thrust" is in parentheses.

 

Quotation marks are used on the English side to distinguish between literal translations of the Japanese

terms from their more figurative meanings (quotes indicate literal translation).

 

Numbers

  • 1 ichi

  • 2 ni

  • 3 san

  • 4 shi

  • 5 go

  • 6 roku

  • 7 shichi

  • 8 hachi

  • 9 ku (kyuu)

  • 10 juu

 

Glossary of Karate Do Terms

 

  • Age -- upward

  • Age uke -- upward block

  • Age zuki -- upward punch

  • Ago -- chin 

  • Anza -- sitting form (lotus position), sitting cross legged

  • Arigato gozaimashita -- thank you very much

  • Ashi -- foot or leg

  • Ashi barai -- foot sweep

  • Ashi guruma -- leg wheel throw, foot wheel

  • Ashi sabaki -- footwork

  • Ashi sukui age -- upward leg scooping

  • Ashi tori -- leg hold

  • Ashi waza -- leg techniques

  • Ate waza -- hitting techniques

  • Atemi waza -- striking techniques

  • Awase -- together

  • Awase waza -- two waza ari techniques

  • Ayumi ashi --  normal walking

 

  • Barai -- sweep

  • Bassai -- fortress; name of kata

  • Batsugun -- instantaneous promotion

  • Bisen -- bridge of the nose

  • Bito -- head of the nose

  • Bo -- a long stick used as a weapon

  • Bogu -- protective equipment

  • Bogyo -- defensive or defense to an attack

  • Bodhidharma -- founder of Zen Buddhism in China

  • Budo -- martial arts; “the way of the samurai”

  • Buki ho -- the practice of weapons; “the way of weapons”

  • Bushido -- code of honor of the samurai, way of the warrior

 

  • Chikara kurabe -- early Japanese fighting form

  • Chuan fa -- the way of the fist

  • Chudan -- middle level

  • Chui -- warning (referee)

 

  • Da ashi -- a snake crawling step

  • Dachi -- stance

  • Dan -- black-belt degree

  • De -- advancing

  • De ashi barai (Harai) -- front/forward or advancing foot sweep

  • Do -- way, body, way of life

  • Do basami -- body scissors

  • Dojo -- practice hall (a place for learning)

  • Dojo kun -- school principle

 

  • Eki kin gyo -- physical part of Zen; I-chi-ching

  • Empi -- elbow

  • Eri -- martial arts uniform lapel

  • Eri tori -- collar grabbing

 

  • Fukushiki -- multiple combinations

  • Fumikomi ashi -- stamping step

  • Fusegi -- escapes

  • Fusemi -- forward fall

  • Fusengachi -- win b forfeit (referee)

  • Fusha gaeshi -- windmill bo motion

  • Fushito -- outside of thigh

 

  • Gachi -- win of any type

  • Ganka -- chest

  • Gankyu -- eyeballs

  • Gatame -- hold or lock

  • Gari -- reap

  • Gake -- execution of a throw

  • Gedan -- lower level

  • Gedan barai -- downward leg sweep

  • Genko -- closed hand, fist (seiken)

  • Geri (or keri) -- kick

  • Gi -- uniform

  • Go -- hard, the name of the Chinese form of checkers, five

  • Godan -- 5th degree

  • Gohon -- five ways or five techniques

  • Gohon kumite -- five-technique kumite (fighting form)

  • Go kyo no waza -- five stage of Kodokan techniques

  • Gokyu -- 5th class

  • Goshi -- hip or waist

  • Goshin jutsu -- self-defense techniques

  • Goshin jitsu no kata -- formal forms of self-defense

  • Goju ryu -- style of karate; “hard and soft style”

  • Guruma -- wheel

  • Gyaku -- reverse

  • Gyaku ken -- reverse fist

  • Gyaku uchi -- reverse strike

  • Gyaku waza -- arm lock techniques

  • Gyaku juji jime -- reverse cross choke

 

 

  • Hachidan -- 8th degree

  • Hadaka jime -- strangle hold (bare-hand choke)

  • Haishu -- back of the hand

  • Haito - ridge of the hand

  • Haito uchi -- Striking technique, ridge of the hand

  • Hajime -- begin

  • Haku (shiro) -- white

  • Hane -- spring action of hip

  • Hane goshi -- hip spring

  • Hane makikomi -- springing wrap-around throw

  • Hanmi -- half-face front

  • Han da ken -- four-finger knuckles

  • Han kaiten -- half turn

  • Hangetsu hoko -- half-moon step

  • Hansoku -- disqualification

  • Hansoku make -- loss by violation of the rules (referee)

  • Hantei -- decision (referee)

  • Hantei kachi -- winner by decision

  • Happiken -- name of kata; “to use the elbow like a monkey in eight directions”

  • Happo no kuzushi -- forms of off balance

  • Hara -- stomach

  • Harai -- Sweep

  • Harai goshi -- sweeping hip throw

  • Harai makikomi -- hip sweep wrap-around throw

  • Harai tsurikomi ashi -- lift-pull foot sweep, sweeping foot stop

  • Harai waza -- sweeping techniques

  • Hairi kata -- entry into mat work

  • Hasami -- scissors

  • Hasso kamae -- a versatile posture

  • Hato mune -- sternum

  • Heian -- name of kata; “peaceful mind”

  • Hiroshima -- placid state of mind (ability to maintain one’s calm)

  • Heiko dachi -- parallel foot stance

  • Heisoku dachi -- foot together stance

  • Hichu -- neck’s notch (neck cavity)

  • Hidari -- left

  • Hidari jigotai -- left defensive posture

  • Hidari shizentai -- left natural posture

  • Hiji -- elbow 

  • Hijitsume (hiji) -- (elbow) back side of the elbow

  • Hiki wake -- draw (referee)

  • Hikitate geiko -- form of training

  • Hineri geri -- reverse or twist front kick

  • Hineri hanmi -- rotation of the trunk

  • Hineri zuki -- twist or reverse punch

  • Hiraki ashi -- open leg stance

  • Hiraki mi -- open leg rotation

  • Hirate -- inside of the hand

  • Hishigi -- crush

  • Hitai -- forehead

  • Hiza -- knee

  • Hiza basami -- leg scissors

  • Hiza guruma -- knee wheel

  • Hiza ke age -- upward knee kick

  • Hiza otoshi ate -- downward knee kick

  • Hiza sukui-hineri -- twisting knee scooping

  • Hiza tsubomi -- back side of the knee

  • Hojo undo -- complementary exercises

  • Hoko -- walking form

  • Hon -- basic

 

  • Ikkyu -- 1st class

  • Inazuma -- side of the stomach

  • Ippon -- one point (referee)

  • Ippon ken -- forefinger knuckle

  • Ippon shobu -- one point match

  • Ippon seoi nage -- one-arm shoulder throw

  • Itsutsu no kata -- forms of five

 

  • Jigo -- defensive

  • Jigo hontai -- basic defensive posture

  • Jikan -- time (referee)

  • Jinchu -- upper lip

  • Jita kyoei -- mutual benefit & welfare

  • Jiyu -- free, freedom

  • Jo sokutei -- ball of the foot

  • Jodan -- upper level

  • Jogai -- outside of the contest area, out of bounds

  • Jogaku -- upper part of the jaw

  • Joseki -- the seat of honor, side of dojo for senior martial artists

  • Joshi waza -- arm techniques

  • Ju -- principal of gentleness

  • Judan -- 10th degree 

  • Judo -- gentle way

  • Judoka -- judo player

  • Juji -- cross

  • Jujitsu -- a Japanese martial art, original form of judo

  • Juji gatame -- cross arm lock

  • Juji uke -- cross block

  • Junbi undo -- preparatory exercises, warm up exercises

  • Junidan -- 12th degree (Dr. Kano)

  • Juno no kata -- formal forms of gentleness

 

  • Ka fuku bu -- lower abdomen

  • Kaeshi waza -- counter techniques

  • Kagaku -- lower part of the jaw

  • Kagi zuki -- hook punch

  • Kagi geri -- hook kick

  • Kaiten -- rolling

  • Kaiten geri -- wheel kick

  • Kakari geiko -- a form of training

  • Kake -- execution of a throw

  • Kama -- reaping hook used as a weapon

  • Kamae -- guard

  • Kamae kata -- fighting stance

  • Kamaete -- ready, prepare to begin

  • Kami shiho gatame -- upper corners hold

  • Kani basami -- scissors throw

  • Kansetsu waza -- arm lock techniques; reversal of hand hold

  • Kappo -- unique life-preserving techniques primarily utilized in

  • injuries incurred in martial art practice

  • Kara -- empty, air

  • Kara -- Japanese term for Tang dynasty (A.D. 618-970)

  • karate do gi -- the uniform of karate do

  • Karate ho -- the way of empty handed fighting

  • Kari waza -- reaping techniques

  • Ka sokutei -- heel of the foot

  • Kassatsu -- spine

  • Kasumi -- temples

  • Kata -- shoulder; a form of practice performed alone, form

  • Kata ashi tori -- one leg throw

  • Kata gatame -- shoulder hold

  • Kata guruma -- shoulder wheel

  • Kataha jime -- single shoulder choke

  • Kata hiza dachi -- one-knee stance

  • Kata juji jime -- half cross choke

  • Katame no kata -- formal forms of holding

  • Katame waza -- mat techniques

  • Katsu -- forms of resuscitation, reanimation techniques (first aid)

  • Kawashi waza -- dodging techniques

  • Kawazu gake -- one-leg entanglement

  • Ke age -- snap kick, upward kick

  • Keichu -- back of the neck

  • Keido myaku -- jugular vein

  • Keiko -- general practice

  • Keikoku -- warning (referee)

  • Keirei -- ceremonial bow

  • Kekomi -- thrusting kick

  • Kemari -- a Chinese game of kicking ball

  • Kempo -- Chinese fighting techniques, the way of fist

  • Ken -- fist

  • Kendo -- the Japanese martial art of fencing

  • Kenko (or genko) -- fist

  • Kenkokan -- the main school of karate do

  • Kentsui -- hammer fist

  • Keoroshi -- downward kick

  • Keri -- kick

  • Kesa -- scarf

  • Kesa gatame -- scarf hold

  • Ki -- inner energy; spirit (harnessed strength of mind which takes on a biological form)

  • Kiai -- manifestation of the ki ( simultaneous union of spirit and expression

  • of physical strength), shout to gather inner strength

  • Kibi -- spine tip

  • Kibisu gaeshi -- heel trip

  • Kime -- decision

  • Kime waza -- scoring techniques, finishing techniques

  • Kinate -- lower abdomen protections

  • Kin jime -- groin choke

  • Kiken gachi -- win by withdrawal of opponent

  • Kinsa -- slight superiority

  • Kin teki -- testicles

  • Kiyotsuke -- attention

  • Ko -- little or minor

  • Kodokan -- the main school of judo in Japan

  • Kogeki -- offensive

  • Ko haku -- red and white

  • Kohaku shiai -- winner stays out team contest

  • Koho -- back

  • Koho daisharin -- backward cartwheel

  • Koho kaiten -- backward role

  • Koho ukemi -- back fall

  • Koka -- smallest point for a technique or hold (referee)

  • Kokei -- tibia (shin)

  • Koken --  ridge of the hand

  • Kokutsu dachi -- backward stance

  • Komi -- pull

  • Koso ashi dachi -- crossed leg stance

  • Koshi -- hip or waist

  • Koshi guruma -- hip wheel throw

  • Koshiki no kata -- ancient forms

  • Kosoto gake -- small outer hook, minor outside dash

  • Ko soto gari - minor or small outer reap, little outside reaping

  • Kote -- forearm

  • Kote gaeshi -- outward wrist twist

  • Kotobu -- back of the head

  • Ko uchi gake -- small inner hook

  • Ko uchi gari -- minor or small inner reap, little inside reaping

  • Kuchiki taoshi -- one-hand drop

  • Kudan -- 9th degree

  • Kumi ai jutsu -- the name of an early form of fighting

  • Kumite -- encounter; fighting form

  • Kumi kata -- forms of gripping, gripping techniques

  • Kumi uchi -- a grapple, a scuffle

  • Kung-fu -- a Chinese martial art

  • Kiribati -- ankle

  • Kuruma gaeshi -- swing in large circle motion parallel to the ground

  • Kusari gama -- a sickle attached to a chain used as a weapon

  • Kuzure -- slipped or modified

  • Kuzure Kami shiho gatame -- slipped smothering hold

  • Kuzure kesa gatame -- slipped scarf hold

  • Kusure yoko shiho gatame -- slipped side corners hold

  • Kusushi -- opening; opportunity to attack

  • Kuzushi -- off balance

  • Kyu -- non black-belt rank, below yudansha

 

  • Ma -- direct or flat on back

  • Maai -- distance, space

  • Mae -- front

  • Mae kaga mi -- leaning forward

  • Mae sori mi --leaning backward

  • Maitta -- “ I surrender”

  • Make -- loss of any type

  • Maki komi -- winding pull

  • Makiwara -- a wooden post covered with straw, punching or kicking board

  • Mata -- thigh

  • Mate -- stop

  • mawari ashi --  crossed leg rotation

  • Mawari mi -- turning form

  • Mawashi geri -- roundhouse kick

  • Ma Sutemi waza -- back falling sacrifice technique

  • Migi -- right

  • Migi jigotai -- right defensive posture

  • Migi shizentai -- right natural posture

  • Mikazuki geri -- crescent kick

  • Mizo ochi -- solar plexus

  • Mokuso -- concentration, meditation

  • Morote -- double; both hands, two handed

  • Morote gari -- two-hand reap

  • Morote soe uke -- supported two-fist block

  • Mudansha -- non-black-belt students, kyu belt holder 

  • Musubi dachi -- attention stance

 

  • Nagashi uke -- sweeping block

  • Nage -- throw

  • Nage no kata -- formal forms of throwing

  • Nage waza -- throwing techniques

  • Naha te -- fighting form from Naha (Okinawa)

  • Naihanchin dachi -- horseman stance

  • Naka daka ken -- middle finger knuckle

  • Nami -- normal

  • Nami juji jime -- normal cross choke

  • Neko ashi -- cat step

  • Nekozeken -- back hand of the wrist (cat back)

  • Nidan -- second degree, two level

  • Nidan kosoto gake -- double outer drop (judo technique)

  • Nidan kosoto gari -- double outer reap

  • Nidan zuki -- two level fist punch

  • Nihon -- two points, two techniques

  • Nijushiho -- twenty-four techniques, steps, movements name of a kata

  • Nikyu -- 2nd class

  • Niseishi -- twenty-four techniques; the ancient name of nijushiho

  • No -- of

  • Nodo botoke -- Adam’s apple

  • Nodo jime -- Adam’s apple choke

  • Nukite -- spear-hand

  • Nunchaku -- flail used as a weapon

 

  • Obi -- belt

  • O goshi -- large hip throw or major hip

  • O guruma -- large wheel

  • Oi mawashi geri -- front leg roundhouse kick

  • Oi zuki -- lunge punch

  • Okinawa te - fighting form from Okinawa

  • Okuri -- sliding

  • Okuri ashi barai (Harai) -- sliding foot sweep (judo technique)

  • Okuri eri jime -- collar choke, assist lapel strangle, sliding lapel choke

  • Oroshi -- downward, take down

  • Osae komi -- hold down

  • Osoto gake -- large outer hook (judo leg technique)

  • Osoto gari -- major or large outer/outside reap (judo technique)

  • Osoto guruma -- large outer wheel

  • Osoto makikomi -- large outside wrap around throw (judo technique)

  • Osoto otoshi -- major or large outer drop (Judo technique)

  • Otoshi -- dropping, drop

  • Otoshi mi -- knees bent, ducking motion

  • Ouchi gari -- major or large inner reap (judo technique)

  • Ouchi macaroni -- large inner wrap around (judo technique)

 

  • Pinan -- ancient name of heian kata

 

  • Randori -- fight, free fighting kumite, free practice

  • Rei -- salutation, bow

  • Renraku waza -- faking techniques

  • Renshu shiai -- training for competition, practice competition

  • Ritstu rei -- standing bow

  • Ristu Zen -- standing meditation

  • Rokudan -- 6th degree

  • Rokyu -- 6th class

  • Ruidai -- stage (ring) - where fights were held during Tang dynasty

  • Ruidai-o -- winner (king) of fight on stage

  • Ryo ashi tori -- tackling both legs

  • Ryo kado -- both sides of a corner

  • Ryojikou kabotoke -- mastoid, also both sides of the cavity below the ears

  • Ryu -- school, style

 

  • Sagi ashi dachi -- one leg stance

  • Sai -- three-bladed weapon

  • Saiten -- point score

  • Samurai -- Japanese warrior

  • Sanchin -- three phases, name of a kata

  • Sanchin dachi -- defensive closed foot stance

  • Sandan -- 3rd degree

  • San kaku tobi -- triangle jumping step, attack

  • Sankyu -- 3rd class

  • Sasae -- lower prop

  • Sasae tsurikomi ashi -- supporting foot lift-pull throw, foot stop throw

  • Satori -- highest mental state of Zen Buddhism; a state of grace achieved via sudden illumination

  • Seiri undo -- supplementary exercises

  • Seiyoku zenyo -- maximum efficiency

  • Seiza -- sitting on knees

  • Senjutsu -- strategy

  • Sensei -- teacher

  • Shiai -- competition, fighting contest

  • Shiaijo -- place of competition , fighting area, contest area

  • Shichidan -- 7th degree

  • Shido -- note (referee)

  • Shihan -- name or title of high ranking instructor (above 6th dan)

  • Shinan -- name or title of highest instructor

  • Shiho -- corners

  • Shime -- choke

  • Shimpan -- referee

  • Shintai -- body movement

  • Shisei -- posture

  • Shitsuto -- knee cap

  • Shizen -- natural

  • Shizen hontai dachi -- natural stance/posture, fundamental stance

  • Shochu geiko -- summer training camp

  • Shodan -- first degree

  • Shomen -- the place of honor, the front

  • Shorin ji -- name of temple

  • Shorin ryu -- name of an Okinawan form of karate

  • Shorinjiryu -- style or school of shorinji fighting techniques (Shaolin)

  • Shotei -- heel of the palm

  • Shubaku -- a Chinese game of kicking

  • Shuko -- back of the hand (Haishu)

  • Shumatsu undo -- cooling off exercises

  • Shuto -- knife hand (karate chop)

  • Sode -- martial arts uniform sleeve

  • Sode tsurikomi goshi -- sleeve lift pull hip throw (judo technique)

  • Sogo gachi -- wazari and keikoku, combination for win (referee)

  • Seoi -- shoulder

  • Sokko -- instep of the foot

  • Sokumen -- side of face

  • Sokutei -- sole of the foot

  • Sono mama -- don’t move (referee)

  • Sonshi -- name of a great warlord

  • Sore made -- time is up

  • Sotai renshu -- pairs practice

  • Soto -- outside

  • Sotobiraki jigotai dachi -- defensive open foot stance

  • Soto makikomi -- outer wrap-around throw

  • Suisha gaeshi -- water wheel

  • Sukashi -- avoiding action

  • Sukoshi -- a little 

  • Sukui nage -- Scooping throw

  • Sukui uke -- scooping block

  • Sumi gaeshi -- corner throw

  • Sumi otoshi -- corner drop

  • Sumo -- ancient Chinese fighting form, Japanese wrestling

  • Sute geiko -- one of the special training methods, timing practice

  • Sutemi -- sacrifice

  • Sutemi nage -- falling on side or back throw

 

  • Tachi kata -- postures

  • Tachi nage -- standing throw

  • Tae kwon do -- Korean martial art

  • Tai -- body

  • Tai chi chuan -- a Chinese fighting form

  • Tai otoshi -- body drop

  • Taiso -- exercises

  • Tani otoshi -- valley drop

  • Tai sabaki -- body motion, body pivot

  • Tameshi wari -- breaking test

  • Tanden -- lower abdomen

  • Tandoku renshu -- pantomime practice

  • Tani -- valley

  • Tanshiki -- single form or single technique

  • Tatami - straw mat

  • Tate ken -- fundamental fist, vertical fist

  • Tawara gaeshi -- rice bag counter

  • Te -- hand, technique

  • Tegatana -- knife hand, karate chop

  • Tento -- top of the head

  • Tentori shiai -- elimination tournament

  • Tettsui -- iron hammer

  • Tobi -- jumping or flying

  • Tobi geri -- jump kick

  • Tobi mi -- jumping motion

  • Tokui waza -- favorite technique

  • Tokushu geiko -- special practice, training clinic

  • Tomoe -- circle

  • Tome waza -- stopping techniques

  • Tomoe nage -- circle throw

  • Tonfa -- millstone handle used as a weapon

  • Toketa -- hold down broken (referee)

  • Tori -- holding, attacker

  • Tsubami gaeshi -- swallow counter (judo technique)

  • Tsugi ashi -- Walking by sliding one foot behind

  • Tsuki -- punching

  • Tsukuri -- entry into a throw

  • Tsukuri Kuzushi -- opportunity to attack

  • Tsuri -- lift

  • Tsuri komi -- lift pull action

  • Tsurikomi goshi -- lift-pull hip throw

  • Tsumasaki -- the tip of toe

  • Tsuri goshi -- lifting/pulling hip throw

 

  • Uchi -- striking, also inside

  • Uchikomi geiko -- a form of training for offensive technique practice with partner

  • Uchi mata -- inner thigh reaping throw

  • Uchimata jigotai dachi -- defensive closed leg stance

  • Uchi mata macaroni -- inner thigh reaping throw slip (judo technique)

  • Ude -- arm

  • Ude gaeshi -- arm twist (arm counter)

  • Ude garami -- arm wrap, bent arm lock

  • Ude gatame -- normal arm lock

  • Uke -- blocking, defender

  • Ukemi -- break-falls

  • Uki -- floating

  • Uki goshi -- floating hip throw

  • Uki otoshi -- floating drop

  • Uki waza -- floating technique

  • Uraken -- back fist

  • Ura -- throwing to the rear

  • Ura nage -- back throw

  • Ushiro -- rear or back

  • Ushiro goshi -- back hip throw

  • Ushiro hiki otoshi -- backward drop

  • Ushiro kakato -- back side of the heel

  • Ushiro kesa gatame -- rear scarf hold

  • Ushiro mawashi geri -- back roundhouse kick

  • Ushiro oi geri -- front leg back kick

  • Utsuri goshi -- hip shift

  • Uwagi -- jacket, upper part of the uniform

 

  • Waki gatame -- armpit arm lock

  • Waki otoshi -- armpit drop

  • Washi jime -- eagle choke

  • Waza -- technique

  • Waza ari -- half point

  • Waza ari awasete Ippon -- half point added makes full point (referee)

  • Waza ari ni chikai waza -- near waza ari (referee) 

 

 

  • Yako -- inguinal region

  • Yakusoku -- pre-arranged, a promise

  • Yama arashi -- mountain storm

  • Yang -- positive principal

  • Yin -- negative principal

  • Yoko -- side, sideways

  • Yoko furimi -- leaning sideways

  • Yoko gake -- side body drop

  • Yoko geri -- side kick

  • Yoko guruma -- side/lateral wheel

  • Yoko ken -- horizontal fist

  • Yoko otoshi -- side drop, lateral drop

  • Yoko shiho gatame -- side corners hold

  • Yoko Sutemi waza -- side falling sacrifice technique

  • Yoko tobi geri -- flying side kick

  • Yoko tomoe nage -- side circle throw

  • Yoko wakare -- side separation

  • Yondan -- 4th degree

  • Yonkyu -- 4th class

  • Yoshi -- continue, begin after sonomama (referee)

  • Yudansha -- black-belt holder

  • Yuko -- almost half point (referee)

  • Yusei gachi -- decision win (referee)

 

  • Zanshin -- state of perfect execution, perfect completion

  • Zarei -- sitting bow, kneeling bow

  • Zazen -- sitting meditation

  • Zempo -- front

  • Zempo ukemi -- forward falls

  • Zempo kaiten Ukemi -- front rolling fall

  • Zen -- a sect of Buddhism stressing self-realization through simplicity; a form of contemplative religion

  • aimed at creating a state of grace by sudden illumination, satori

  • Zen kaiten -- full turn

  • Zenjutsu -- forward

  • Zenpo dai sharing -- forward cartwheel

  • Zenpo kaiten  --  forward role

  • Zenshin -- preparatory state of concentration

  • Zokko -- continue

 

 
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